Land and lot loans are obtained in the same way a buyer would obtain a mortgage loan, but unlike receiving a dollar amount assigned to the property, it can be harder to determine what the land is worth because there is no property collateral. This means that land loans are a riskier transaction for lenders, which results in higher down payments and interest rates than a typical home loan. Your average land loan interest rate will likely be anywhere from 4% – 5%+, which is nearly double the typical current interest rate for a home loan.
How Do Land Loans Work?
Because there are different types of land loans, each has its own qualifications for borrowers to meet. However, there are still general guidelines that are taken into consideration when a borrower applies for a land or lot loan. As with any loan, a borrower will need to prove they have an excellent credit score (720+). They will also need to explain their intended use of the land, which can vary depending on what type of loan they’re interested in. Borrowers must also highlight aspects of the property that need to be checked, like zoning, land-use restrictions, surveyed boundaries and access to utilities. These factors will give lenders an idea of how risky the loan might be.
Once a lender takes these factors into consideration, the rates and obligations of the land loan can be issued. Land loan interest rates tend to be higher than mortgage interest rates because they’re riskier. However, a borrower can qualify for lower rates if they have a better credit score and debt-to-income ratio. After the loan’s rates are determined and the borrower has been approved by a lender and agreed to the loan’s terms, the borrower is responsible for making a down payment and paying the loan back with the decided interest rate.
If you’ve considered applying for a land loan, you’ve likely realized that there are some benefits and drawbacks. To help make your decision easier, let’s go over some of these pros and cons and see how they’d apply to your personal needs and financial situation.
If building a home or business is important to you, there are many benefits of applying for a land loan. The biggest benefit by far is having the opportunity to build the home of your dreams. If you’re looking to use the land for commercial purposes, it can also give businesses the opportunity to capitalize on up-and-coming areas. If you have a vision and are creative and patient, using a land loan to build a home or business would be the perfect option for you.
It’s important to understand the realities and drawbacks of applying for a land loan. For example, because it’s a riskier transaction, there is a lack of collateral, which makes some lenders less willing to loan to borrowers. When it comes to financing, there is also the potential for a higher down payment and higher interest rates. Because it’s a new construction project, there is also the possibility of experiencing unforeseen complications and other issues.
How To Get A Land Loan
If you’d like to get a land loan, it’s typically easiest to do so from a community bank or credit union located near the land you’re looking to buy. But depending on what you intend to use the land for, there can be other loan options available to borrowers. For example, if you’re planning to build a primary residence in a rural area, you can apply for USDA loans. USDA loans and USDA construction loans are designed for low- to moderate-income families and have a repayment term of 2 years. They have low interest rates, and depending on the situation, borrowers may qualify for a lot loan with no down payment.